As I was thinking about great music director-lyricists pairs that produced evergreen hits in the 1950’s-60’s, the one that came immediately to mind was Naushad-Shakeel Badayuni.
Shakeel was an excellent Urdu poet in his own right, with a strong sense of aesthetics and polish, and this post attempts to analyse some of his finest collaborations with other music directors.
He worked extensively with Hemant Kumar, and Ravi (naturally, since Ravi started with Hemant da as an assistant music director) and Ghulam Mohammed. Incidentally, all his filmfare awards (1961,1962,1963) were works with other music directors.
As I was researching the poet and his works, it occured to me that he must have been a man with a supreme understanding of music, since he had to work with a stalwart like Naushad for most of his career. I was looking for related material, and voila, I found this video which left me spellbound. His delivery of Raag Kedar is impeccable and he has given a fine account of himself as a singer. This is a part of a mushaira in the movie Paak Daman. The music director is Ghulam Mohammed.
1. Mere Humnafas Mere Humnawa Begum Akhtar (non-filmy)
One of the best ghazals of Shakeel and immortalised by this superb rendering by Begum Akhtar. The lyrics and the meaning can be found here. As someone fond of Urdu, this work is dear to me.
2.Mat Jaiyyo Naukariya – Do Badan(1966) – Ravi
A very cute song, Asha Parekh trying to cajole a visibly annoyed Manoj Kumar. This song has a strong mehek of U.P. Wrapped in simple Bhojpuri, this folk tune is quite catchy, and leaves me with a sense of nostalgia of my hostel days :). The theme of the song is quite practical, and is zara-hatke. Shakeel in a light mood. Here are the lyrics, courtesy Atul.
3. Kahin Deep Jale Kahin dil – Bees Saal Baad(1963) – Hemant Kumar
Hemant da composed music for and produced this movie. This song is repeated throughout the movie, and based on Raag Shivaranjani, this would arguably rate as the best of the haunting melodies of Lata. Wonder how it must have been to watch this in the theater .
Dustedoff carried an excellent review of the movie here. Shakeel Badayuni won the filmfare award for the lyrics of the song-such soulful lyrics. I think he truly deserved it. The nominees for that year were Hasrat (Aye Gulbadan – Professor) and Raja Mehndi Ali Khan (Aapki Nazron ne samjha-Anpadh).
4. Sharabi Sharabi – NoorJehan(1967) – Roshan
Shakeel worked with Roshan in two movies – Bedaag and Noorjehan. The former had passable music, but the latter produced 2 gems. “Sharabi Sharabi” is a scene where Noorjehan is requested to recite a few shers since it is the sawan ka mausam, and she obliges with this song. Shakeel ka qalaam aur Roshan ki mauseekee , set to Raga Gaud Malhar. Suman Kalyanpur has rendered this song to perfection. Very romantic lyrics and carefully chosen words.
“Yeh Pur-noor manzar, yeh rangeen aalam, khuda ki kasam khoobsoorat na hota
agar isme rang-e-mohabbat na hota”
The other song is a lovely Lata number, relatively lesser known, but one of the best efforts of Roshan.
5. Sun Dard Bhari Fariyaad – Pak Daman(1957) – Ghulam Mohammed
A relatively unknown movie, but had some great songs. Bathed in Yaman, this beautiful song has the stamp of Shakeel all over it.
6. Chaudvi Kc Chand – Chaudvi ka Chand (1961) – Ravi
Well, I am not too sure if much needs to written about this iconic song. Romance oozing all over, be it the lyrics, music, Rafi or the picturisation. Shakeel’s lyrics won him the filmfare award for his effort. The nominees for that year were Shakeel himself(Pyar kiya to darna kya – Mughal-E-Azam) and Shailendra(Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai – title song). The song is Raga Pahadi.
I particularly like
“Hothon Pe Khelti Hain Tabassum Ki Bijliyaan
Sajde Tumhari Raah Mein Karti Hain Kaikashaan
Duniya-E-Husno-Ishq Ka Tum Hi Shabaab Ho”
Guru Dutt could easily have said “Ek Chand Aasman pe hai, ek mere saath hai“. Doesnt she look gorgeous?
7. Mil Ja Re Jaan-E-Jaana – Benazir(1964)-S.D.Burman
This Bimal Roy creation had all the settings for a Roshan-Sahir starrer. A muslim social featuring Meena Kumari and Ashok Kumar. But it went to an unlikely pair of S.D.Burman and Shakeel Badayuni. It is perhaps the solitary instance where the two legends worked together.
I am in love with this song. Thats it. Set in the raga Gaud Malhar, this is one of the finest compositions of S.D.Burman, picturised on a beautiful Tanuja and lovely lyrics, the plaintive call of a lover imploring her beloved to return.
(It is unfortunate that Youtube has terminated the account of the uploader of this video. I think I have a copy of the video of the song, I shall suitably edit the post after my upload).
8. Husn se Chand Bhi – Door Ki Awaz(1964)-Ravi
Again, great teamwork between Ravi, Shakeel and Rafi. The result – a beautiful song.
“Khil Gayi Phool Padi Teri Jahan Parchaai
Tune Gulshan Mera Mehkaya Hai”
This movie also had another catchy score – “Muqaddar Azmana Chahta hun“, which used to be played in Man Chahe Geet on Vividh Bharti.
9. Jai Raghunandan Jai Siyaram – Gharana(1961)-Ravi
Art transgresses boundaries of religion, caste. Shakeel was as much Hindu as any other Hindu was. He was an Indian by heart and has produced lyrics such as “Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko” and “Mohe Panghat Pe”. I have included this selection specifically to highlight this. A lovely song set to tune in Yaman Kalyan, to chaste Hindi.
“Nar Naari Ke Prem Ki Jyoti Jag Me Tumhi Jalaate”
10. Jaan-E-Bahaar Husn – Pyar Kiya to Darna Kya(1963)-Ravi
I wanted to round off this with something special, and this is the pièce de résistance. It had 4 kings of romance (Shakeel, Ravi, Rafi, Shammi)coming together to produce this gem. Shakeel’s polished Urdu, Ravi’s soft music and Rafi’s silken delivery, and of course Shammi’s on-screen romance.
In India, the period between engagement and marriage is when romance in the relationship is at its height, and this would be one of the most appropriate songs to dedicate to her. 🙂
“Main Khushnaseeb Hun Ki Tumhe Maine Paa Liya
Tune Karam Kiya Mujhe Apna Bana Liya
Aise Mile Hain ki Bichadna Muhaal hai”
This is my list. A few other songs that came quite close, but didnt make it to the list were-