Shakeel Badayuni sans Naushad

As I was thinking about great music director-lyricists pairs that produced evergreen hits in the 1950’s-60’s, the one that came immediately to mind was Naushad-Shakeel Badayuni.

Shakeel was an excellent Urdu poet in his own right, with a strong sense of aesthetics and polish, and this post attempts to analyse some of his finest collaborations with other music directors.

He worked extensively with Hemant Kumar, and Ravi (naturally, since Ravi started with Hemant da as an assistant music director) and Ghulam Mohammed. Incidentally, all his filmfare awards (1961,1962,1963) were works with other music directors.

As I was researching the poet and his works, it occured to me that he must have been a man with a supreme understanding of music,  since he had to work with a stalwart like Naushad for most of his career. I was looking for related material, and voila, I found this video  which left me spellbound. His delivery of Raag Kedar is impeccable and he has given a fine account of himself as a singer. This is a part of a mushaira in the movie Paak Daman. The music director is Ghulam Mohammed.

1. Mere Humnafas Mere Humnawa Begum Akhtar (non-filmy)

Begum Akhtar

One of the best ghazals of Shakeel and immortalised by this superb rendering by Begum Akhtar. The lyrics and the meaning can be found here. As someone fond of Urdu, this work is dear to me.

2.Mat Jaiyyo Naukariya – Do Badan(1966) – Ravi

A very cute song, Asha Parekh trying to cajole a visibly annoyed Manoj Kumar. This song has a strong mehek of  U.P.  Wrapped in simple Bhojpuri, this folk tune is quite catchy, and leaves me with a sense of nostalgia of my hostel days :). The theme of the song is quite practical, and is zara-hatke. Shakeel in a light mood. Here are the lyrics, courtesy Atul.

3. Kahin Deep Jale Kahin dil – Bees Saal Baad(1963) – Hemant Kumar

Hemant da composed music for and produced this movie. This song is repeated throughout the movie, and based on Raag Shivaranjani,  this would arguably rate as the best of the haunting melodies of Lata. Wonder how it must have been to watch this in the theater .

Dustedoff carried an excellent review of the movie here.  Shakeel Badayuni won the filmfare award for the lyrics of the song-such soulful lyrics. I think he truly deserved it. The nominees for that year were Hasrat (Aye Gulbadan – Professor) and Raja Mehndi Ali Khan (Aapki Nazron ne samjha-Anpadh).

4. Sharabi Sharabi – NoorJehan(1967) – Roshan

Shakeel worked with Roshan in two movies – Bedaag and Noorjehan. The former had passable music, but the latter produced 2 gems. “Sharabi Sharabi” is a scene where Noorjehan is requested to recite a few shers since it is the sawan ka mausam, and she obliges with this song. Shakeel ka qalaam aur Roshan ki mauseekee , set to Raga Gaud Malhar. Suman Kalyanpur has rendered this song to perfection. Very romantic lyrics and carefully chosen words.

“Yeh Pur-noor manzar, yeh rangeen aalam, khuda ki kasam khoobsoorat na hota

agar isme rang-e-mohabbat na hota”

The other song is a lovely Lata number, relatively lesser known, but one of the best efforts of Roshan.

5. Sun Dard Bhari Fariyaad – Pak Daman(1957) – Ghulam Mohammed

A relatively unknown movie, but had some great songs. Bathed in Yaman, this beautiful song has the stamp of Shakeel all over it.

6. Chaudvi Kc Chand – Chaudvi ka Chand (1961) – Ravi

Well, I am not too sure if much needs to written about this iconic song. Romance oozing all over, be it the lyrics, music, Rafi or the picturisation. Shakeel’s lyrics won him the filmfare award for his effort.  The nominees for that year were Shakeel himself(Pyar kiya to darna kya – Mughal-E-Azam) and Shailendra(Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai – title song). The song is Raga Pahadi.

I particularly like

“Hothon Pe Khelti Hain Tabassum Ki Bijliyaan
Sajde Tumhari Raah Mein Karti Hain Kaikashaan
Duniya-E-Husno-Ishq Ka Tum Hi Shabaab Ho”

Guru Dutt could easily have said “Ek Chand Aasman pe hai, ek mere saath hai“. Doesnt she look gorgeous?

7. Mil Ja Re Jaan-E-Jaana – Benazir(1964)-S.D.Burman

This Bimal Roy creation had all the settings for a Roshan-Sahir starrer. A muslim social  featuring Meena Kumari and Ashok Kumar. But it went to an unlikely pair of S.D.Burman and Shakeel Badayuni. It is perhaps the solitary instance where the two legends worked together.

I am in love with this song. Thats it. Set in the raga Gaud Malhar, this is one of the finest compositions of S.D.Burman, picturised on a beautiful Tanuja and lovely lyrics, the plaintive call of a lover imploring her beloved to return.

(It is unfortunate that Youtube has terminated the account of the uploader of this video. I think I have a copy of  the video of the song, I shall suitably edit the post after my upload).

8. Husn se Chand Bhi – Door Ki Awaz(1964)-Ravi

Again, great teamwork between Ravi, Shakeel and Rafi. The result – a beautiful song.

“Khil Gayi Phool Padi Teri Jahan Parchaai
Tune Gulshan Mera Mehkaya Hai”

This movie also had another catchy score – “Muqaddar Azmana Chahta hun“, which used to be played in Man Chahe Geet on Vividh Bharti.

9. Jai Raghunandan Jai Siyaram – Gharana(1961)-Ravi

Art transgresses boundaries of religion, caste. Shakeel was as much Hindu as any other Hindu was. He was an Indian by heart and has produced lyrics such as “Man Tarpat Hari Darshan Ko” and “Mohe Panghat Pe”. I have included this selection specifically to highlight this. A lovely song set to tune in Yaman Kalyan, to chaste Hindi.

“Nar Naari Ke Prem Ki Jyoti Jag Me Tumhi Jalaate”

10. Jaan-E-Bahaar Husn – Pyar Kiya to Darna Kya(1963)-Ravi

I wanted to round off this with something special, and this is the pièce de résistance. It had 4 kings of romance (Shakeel, Ravi, Rafi, Shammi)coming together to produce this gem. Shakeel’s polished Urdu, Ravi’s soft music and Rafi’s silken delivery, and of course Shammi’s on-screen romance.

In India, the period between engagement and marriage is when romance in the relationship is at its height, and this would be one of the most appropriate songs to dedicate to her. 🙂

“Main Khushnaseeb Hun Ki Tumhe Maine Paa Liya
Tune Karam Kiya Mujhe Apna Bana Liya
Aise Mile Hain ki Bichadna Muhaal hai”

This is my list. A few other songs that came quite close, but didnt make it to the list were-

It would be  a shame if mention is not made of this brilliant ghazal by Shakeel, great music set in Raga Des Malhar and rendered superbly by Talat Mehmood. The lyrics can be found here.


  1. harveypam said,

    January 1, 2012 at 4:02 pm

    Waah, waah! Kya baat hai!
    You have set us on a journey of discovery!
    Enjoyed each and every song. The best one for my ears was the non-filmi ghazal mere hum nafas mere humnawa. Enchanting!
    What a beautiful way to start the year!
    Thanks also for the link to ek fankaar.
    Also enjoyed sharabi sharabi yeh sawan ka mausam from Noorjehan. Beautiful!
    Had never heard of Pak Daman. The song is a soulful rendition by Asha!
    The link provided for husn se chand bhi sharmaya hai leads to dadi amma dadi amma man jaavo from Gharana. The correct link would be

    Shakeel and S. D. Burman worked together not only in Benazir but in Kaise Kahoon as well.
    My favourite song from this film is manmohan man me ho tumhi. Divine creation!
    Can you tell me what raag it is? You’ll surely love it.

    Also love his collaboration with Hemant Kumar in Sahib Bibi aur Ghulam!

    One of the few of his songs rendered by Kishore Kumar
    ye chaar din bahar ke from Rukshana

    Ye duniya kaisi hai bhagwan from Deewana maybe the only song from him sung by Hridaynath Mangeshkar.

    • Anu Warrier said,

      January 1, 2012 at 4:19 pm

      harvey, I *think* Man mohana is Adana. Not sure.

    • January 1, 2012 at 6:44 pm

      Many thanks Harvey, glad that you liked the selections. I have been trying to post some off-beat themes to see if people like them, and it seems that it is working! 🙂
      I have corrected the links. I didnt know that S.D.Burman worked with Shakeel in “Kaise Kahoon” as well, thanks a lot for that. It is very nice, Biswajeet looks like a comic character lip-syncing for a classical tune 😀

  2. harveypam said,

    January 1, 2012 at 4:05 pm

    I forgot to post the links above to the following two songs:
    ye chaar din bahar ke from Rukshana, Kishore, Asha

    Ye duniya kaisi hai bhagwan from Deewana

    • January 1, 2012 at 6:53 pm

      Hridaynath singing for Hemant da, now thats a very rare one. Harvey, you are an encyclopedia!

      • harvey said,

        January 1, 2012 at 8:09 pm

        No, Karthik, I am far from being an encyclopedia. It was a chance finding

  3. Anu Warrier said,

    January 1, 2012 at 4:31 pm

    Lovely list, Karthik, and some wonderfully rare songs. I liked Shakeel’s rendition of Kedar, though he did sound like he was in pain. :))

    By the way, your link for . Jaan-E-Bahaar Husn is going to the YouTube video for the Gharana song.

    There is this beautiful Talat number from Malik. The music director is Ghulam Mohammed.

    And one more Ghulam Mohammed / Talat Mehmood / Shakeel Badayuni composition:

    • January 1, 2012 at 6:58 pm

      Anu dont be tough! He did sing quite well, and exhibited enough knowledge to make a good companion to Naushad!

      As usual Talat voice is its silky best, 2 lovely songs – the second one used to be common in Chayageet on Vividh Bharti, sounds like an Arabic tune though.

  4. dustedoff said,

    January 2, 2012 at 5:50 am

    Karthik, one can depend upon you to come up with unusual lists! I like this one a lot – nice blend of well-known as well as hidden gems. The song from Pak Daman was a new one for me.

    I have to agree with Harvey about Badayuni’s collaboration with Hemant for Sahib, Biwi aur Ghulam – the songs of the film are, each of them, wonderful in their own way.

    Another song from Do Badan that I like specifically for its lyrics (though I love Jab chali thandi hawa, I think for me the main attraction is the superb music)… Lo aa gayi unki yaad, woh nahin aaye:

    • January 2, 2012 at 8:05 am

      Glad that you liked the list. 🙂
      “Lo Aa Gayi Unki Yaad” would rank as one of the best sad songs of Lata (and Ravi :D). I remember I used to frustrate my friends at the Antakshari competetions, because others used to sing complicated mukhdas and get objected for mistakes, I used to pick this one for “La”.for it had the simplest mukhda- “Lo Gayi Unki Yaad Woh nahin aaye” twice, thats it 🙂

  5. SSW said,

    January 4, 2012 at 5:58 pm

    You know the song Jaan-e-bahaar husn is interesting. One for the orchestration, I’ve always wondered how much input Ravi had in arrangements because I notice that he doesn’t diverge much in Hindi or Malayalam (where he composed quite a few songs). Either he took a lot of pains with the arrangements or he used the same arranger. It is the same fingerprint each time. Also the raga is Malkauns but there are points in the descent like “main kya kahoon kushi” where it seems to shift imperceptibly.

    • January 4, 2012 at 8:02 pm

      True, very true,very well said. The fingerprint is the same each time in Ravi’s arrangement. It is quite easy to tell a Ravi song from the arrangement.(especially some of Pahadi songs had almost the same arrangement repeated), so much so that after a gap of 20 years, the same arrangement is seen in “Faza bhi hai jawan jawan”, (Nikaah), the same arrangement again!
      Listened to Jaan-E-Bahaar, “Main Kya Kahoon” sounds a bit kink-ish to me 🙂

  6. shyamanuja said,

    February 25, 2012 at 5:33 pm

    Great selection. I met Ravi for an interview a couple of months back. As a big Naushad (That is Rafi-Naushad-Shakeel) fan, I could not resist asking how Ravi’s partnership was with Shakeel. He said, for the first time when Shakeel wrote for him, he told Ravi, “Dekho, Mujhe sambhaal lena”. Ravi said that always remained in his mind though he was a great man and very cooperative. Ravi also said, Shakeel struggled to come up with the lyrics for a westernized song (Hum bhi agar bachche hote). It was Ravi who wrote the mukhda (Ravi, as we know, was a lyricist as well). He wrote Hum bhi agar….duniya kehti happy birthday to you. He, however, was quick to add: the rest of it was written by Shakeel

    • February 27, 2012 at 10:01 pm

      Welcome to my blog! 🙂
      Wow,you met Ravi saab? Must have been a great experience.
      Yes, Ravi-Shakeel were a great pair. They produced some great numbers.

  7. Atif_M said,

    March 15, 2012 at 12:51 am

    +.+.+ Shakeel Badayuni’s work +.+.+

    with Hemant Kumar:
    Bees Saal Baad (1962)
    Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (1962)
    Bin Baadal Barsaat (1963)

    with S. D. Burman:
    Benazir (1964)
    Kaise Kahoon (1964)

    with C. Ramchandra:
    Zindagi Aur Maut (1965)
    Wahan Ke Log (1967)

    with Roshan:
    Bedaag (1965)
    Noor Jahan (1967)

    with Sonik Omi:
    Beti (1969)
    Mr. Murder (1969)

    with Shankar Jaikishan:
    Pyaar Ka Rishta (1973)

    with Kalyanji Anandji:
    Baazi (1968)

    with Laxmikant Pyarelal:
    Jurm Aur Saza (1974)

    with Khaiyam:
    Dil-e-Naadan (1953)

    with Sardar Malik:
    Chor Baazar (1954)

    with Khemchand Prakash:
    Jaan Pehchan (1950)

    with Saraswati Devi:
    Bachelor Husband (1950)

    with Shyam Sunder:
    Char Din (1949)

    with Sajjad:
    Rukhsana (1955)

    with Khursheed Anwar:
    Singhaar (1949)

    with Motiram:
    Lachak (1951)

    with K. Narayan Rao:
    Shanti (1947)

  8. Atif_M said,

    March 15, 2012 at 12:51 am

    +.+.+ Shakeel Badayuni’s work +.+.+

    with Ravi:
    Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960)
    Gharana (1961)
    Wanted (1961)
    Gehra Daag (1963)
    Grahasti (1963)
    Kaun Apna Kaun Paraya (1963)
    Mulzim (1963)
    Nartaki (1963)
    Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya (1963)
    Door Ki Aawaz (1964)
    Do Badan (1966)
    Phool Aur Patthar (1966)
    Aurat (1967)
    Umeed (1971)
    Jogi (1982)

  9. Atif_M said,

    March 15, 2012 at 1:00 am

    +.+.+ Shakeel Badayuni’s work +.+.+

    with Ghulam Mohammad:
    Grahasti (1948)
    Kajal (1948)
    Pagdi (1948)
    Dil Ki Basti (1949)
    Paras (1949)
    Shayir (1949)
    Pardes (1950)
    Nazneen (1951)
    Ajeeb Ladki (1952)
    Ambar (1952)
    Sheesha (1952)
    Gauhar (1953)
    Hazar Raaten (1953)
    Laila Majnu (1953)
    Rail Ka Dabba (1953)
    Mirza Ghalib (1954)
    Hoor-e-Arab (1955)
    Kundan (1955)
    Sitara (1955)
    Pak Daman (1957)
    Maalik (1958)

  10. Atif_M said,

    March 15, 2012 at 1:07 am

    +.+.+ Shakeel Badayuni’s work +.+.+

    with Naushad:

    Dard (1947)
    Natak (1947)
    Anokhi Ada (1948)
    Mela (1948)
    Chandni Raat (1949)
    Dillagi (1949)
    Dulari (1949)
    Babul (1950)
    Dastan (1950)
    Deedar (1951)
    Jadoo (1951)
    Aan (1952)
    Baiju Bawra (1952)
    Deewana (1952)
    Amar (1954)
    Shabab (1954)
    Udan Khatola (1955)
    Mother India (1957)
    Sohni Mahiwal (1958)
    Kohinoor (1960)
    Mughal-e-Azam (1960)
    Ganga Jamna (1961)
    Son Of India (1962)
    Mere Mehboob (1963)
    Leader (1964)
    Dil Diya Dard Liya (1966)
    Palki (1967)
    Ram Aur Shyam (1967)
    Aadmi (1968)
    Sangharsh (1968)

  11. March 15, 2012 at 4:48 am

    Welcome to my blog and thanks a lot Asif! This is excellent reference for all Shakeel lovers 🙂

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